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Landscaping Water Conservation

You can design a landscape that not only conserves energy but also water. Here is a brief overview of some water-conserving landscaping strategies.


Xeriscaping is a systematic method of promoting water conservation in landscaped areas. It's based on seven principles:

  1. Planning and design

    Provides direction and guidance, mapping your water and energy conservation strategies, both of which will be dependent upon your regional climate and microclimate.

  2. Selecting and zoning plants appropriately

    Bases your plant selections and locations on those that will flourish in your regional climate and microclimate.

  3. Limiting turf areas

    Reduces the use of bluegrass turf, which usually requires a lot of supplemental watering.

  4. Improving the soil

    Enables soil to better absorb water and to encourage deeper roots.

  5. Irrigating efficiently

    Encourages using the irrigation method that waters plants in each area most efficiently.

  6. Using mulches

    Keeps plant roots cool, minimizes evaporation, prevents soil from crusting, and reduces weed growth.

  7. Maintaining the landscape

    Keeps plants healthy through weeding, pruning, fertilizing, and controlling pests.

Xeriscaping is mostly used in arid regions, but its principles can be used in any region to help conserve water.


If you can determine how much water your plants actually need, then you won't overwater them and waste water. It is important to not only understand a plant's particular watering requirements, but also evapotranspiration.

Evapotranspiration is the amount of water that is evaporated from the soil and transpired through the plant's leaves. This amount of water needs to be replaced through watering. If you know your area's Et rate, you can plan the amount of water to be replaced through irrigation. Call your local water district or cooperative extension service and ask about your Et rate. However, your particular microclimate will also affect evapotranspiration in different areas of your yard.

Also, it's best to water or irrigate your plants in the early morning when evaporation rates are low. This also provides plants with water before mid-day when the evaporation rate is the highest.

U.S. Department of Energy
1000 Independence Avenue, SW
Washington, DC 20585
www.eere.energy.gov www.energy.gov